Sunday, 4 November 2012

Top Ten Conspiracy Theories Of All-Time

 Is the world slowly filling up with people ready to believe anything or is it that information, and details, are easier to get out to the masses? That is not for me to decide. So without too much waffling here are the top ten conspiracy theories of all-time.

10. Area 51 (1955)

Conspiracy theorists believe that the remains of crashed UFO spacecrafts are stored at Area 51, an Air Force base about 150 miles from Las Vegas, where government scientists reverse-engineer the aliens' highly advanced technology. Fodder for this has come from a variety of supposed UFO sightings in the area and testimony from a retired Army colonel who says he was given access to extraterrestrial materials gathered from an alien spacecraft that crashed in Roswell. Some believe that the government studies time travel at Area 51, also known as Groom Lake or Dreamland. The government has developed advanced aircraft and weapons systems at nearby Nellis Air Force Base, including Stealth bombers and reconnaissance planes. And the government's official line — that the details of Area 51 are classified for purposes of national security — is only seen as further proof that the military is hiding aliens or alien spacecraft.

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09. AIDS (1978)

Since the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention first reported the HIV/AIDS epidemic in 1981, rumors have persisted that the deadly virus was created by the CIA to wipe out homosexuals and African Americans. Even today, the conspiracy theory has a number of high-profile believers. South African President Thabo Mbeki once touted the theory, disputing scientific claims that the virus originated in Africa and accusing the U.S. government of manufacturing the disease in military labs. When she won the Nobel Peace Prize, Kenyan ecologist Wangari Maathai used the international spotlight to support that theory as well. Others insist that the government deliberately injected gay men with the virus during 1978 hepatitis-B experiments in New York, San Francisco and Los Angeles. Still others point to Richard Nixon, who combined the U.S. Army's biowarfare department with the National Cancer Institute in 1971.

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08. Mary Magdalene (1945)

Jesus and Mary Magdalene might have been married, or so says the Gospel of Philip. The theory finds its basis in writings from the Gnostic Gospels, which were discovered in 1945 and whose authenticity religious experts still dispute. In the Gospel of Philip, Mary Magdalene, who is referred to as Jesus' koinonos, a Greek term for "companion" or "partner," is depicted as being closer to Jesus than any other apostle. In an exchange between Peter and Mary, he admits to her that "the Saviour loved you above all other women" — a tense moment in the scripture that seems to portray the jealousy that the other apostles might have felt for Mary's relationship with Jesus. The only other evidence used to support the theory is a mention of Jesus kissing Mary often, but some say kissing was the custom and it was typical of Jesus to practice it with those close to him.

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07. Obama Birth Certificate (2008)

Conspiracy theories about the citizenship of Barack Obama assert that Obama is not a natural-born citizen of the United States and consequently, under Article Two of the U.S. Constitution, is ineligible to be President of the United States. Some of these theories allege that Obama's published birth certificate is a forgery and that his actual birthplace is not Hawaii but Kenya. Other theories allege that Obama became a citizen of Indonesia in childhood, thereby losing his U.S. citizenship. Still others claim that Obama was born a dual citizen (British and American) and that such dual citizenship implies he is not a natural-born U.S. citizen. Such claims have been promoted by conspiracy theorists ("birthers"), some of whom have sought court rulings either declaring Obama ineligible to take office, or granting access to various documents which they claim exist, and which they claim would evidence such ineligibility; none of these efforts have been successful. Some political opponents, especially in the Republican Party, have expressed skepticism about Obama's citizenship or been unwilling to acknowledge it; some have proposed legislation which would require presidential candidates to provide proof of eligibility.

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06. New World Order (1785)

This conspiracy theory states that a group of international elites controls and manipulates governments, industry, and media organizations worldwide. The primary tool they use to dominate nations is the system of central banking. They are said to have funded and in some cases caused most of the major wars of the last 200 years, carry out false flag attacks to manipulate populations into supporting them, and they have a grip on the world economy, deliberately causing inflation and depressions at will. Operatives working for the New World Order are said to be placed in high positions in government and industry. The people behind the New World Order are thought to be international bankers, in particular the owners of the private banks in the Federal Reserve System and other central banks, and members of the Council on Foreign Relations, Trilateral Commission and Bilderberg Group. The New World Order is also said to control supranational and global organizations such as the European Union, United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund and the proposed North American Union. The term gained popularity following its use in the early 1990s by President George H. W. Bush when he referred to his "dream of a New World Order" in his speech to the United States Congress on September 11, 1990. Claimed motivations behind the New World Order conspiracy vary but a commonly suggested end goal for the conspiracy is the creation of a one-world government through which the conspirators would exert absolute dominance over the Earth and eliminate all sources of dissent. The concept of this shadow government predates 1990; it is accused of being the same group of people who, among other things, created the Federal Reserve Act (1913), supported the Bolshevik Revolution (1917), and supported the rise of the Nazi Party in Germany, all for their own agenda. The World Bank and national central banks are said to be the tools of the New World Order; war generates massive profits for central banks because government spending (hence borrowing at interest from the central banks) increases dramatically in times of war and distress. Many conspiracy theorists believe that Denver International Airport is the western U.S. headquarters of the New World Order, and a massive underground base and city is believed to exist underneath the airport. Reasons for this include the airport's unusually large size (larger than some major cities), distance from the Denver, Colorado city center, the set of environmentally themed murals by artist Leo Tanguma depicting burning cities, gas-mask wearing soldiers and girls in coffins, and the capstone of the Great Hall which includes Masonic symbols and strange writing. It is believed that secret fleets of black helicopters are ready to take control when the New World Order is set up.

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05. JFK Assassination (1963)

On Nov. 22, 1963, President Kennedy was riding in a motorcade in Dallas, Texas, when he was shot and killed. Roughly one hour later, Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for Kennedy's murder; however, Oswald was not in custody long before he was shot and killed by Jack Ruby. There is no doubting that the incidents listed above occurred; it is the who and the how that the debate centers upon. Most theorists do not believe Oswald was responsible for Kennedy's murder, and those that do believe he had help. Alleged participants involved in the assassination range from the American Mafia to the FBI and KGB. Unfortunately, the majority of the witnesses who were present at the shooting cannot agree on where the shots were fired from, thus adding fuel to theories that there was more than one gunman responsible. In addition to the number of gunmen, theorists also disagree on the number of shots fired and the location of the shooter(s). The motive? Well, that depends on what theory you subscribe to. Some say the murder was orchestrated because Kennedy wanted to bring an end to the Cold War, whereas others believe he was killed because he supported an invasion of Cuba. A multitude of other motives also exist, all surrounding Kennedy's personal and political activities.

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04. 9/11 Attacks (2001)

It was on Sept. 11, 2001, that four commercial passenger jet airliners veered off their normal flight paths and flew toward key locations in the United States. Two of the planes were crashed into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, causing both buildings to collapse. The third plane crashed into the Pentagon building in Washington, D.C., and the fourth crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pa.  All totaled, nearly 3,000 people lost their lives. Al-Qaeda terrorists have claimed responsibility for the attacks; however conspiracy theorists are unsatisfied with those claims – believing something far more sinister happened that day. There are two main beliefs among the theorists. The first is that select members of the U.S. government had been warned about the attacks and ignored the threat, allowing them to happen. The second belief is that select members of the government orchestrated the attacks, using remote-control planes, demolition materials and/or missile strikes. While the beliefs differ in how the attacks were carried out, the majority of conspiracy theorists agree that the attacks were used to justify wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. In the months that followed, then-President George W. Bush responded to what he called the "outrageous conspiracy theories" and said they only served to "shift the blame away from the terrorists, themselves, away from the guilty."

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03. Roswell (1947)

On July 8, 1947, the Roswell Army Air Field issued a press release, which stated that they had recovered a crashed "flying disc" from a ranch near Roswell. "The many rumors regarding the flying discs became a reality yesterday when the intelligence office of the 509th [atomic] Bomb Group of the 8th Air Force, Roswell Army Air Field, was fortunate enough to gain possession of a disc through the cooperation of one of the ranchers and the sheriff's office of Chaves County," said Lt. Warren Haught, public information officer. "The flying object landed on a ranch near Roswell sometime last week. Not having phone facilities, the rancher stored the disc until such time as he was able to contact the sheriff's office, who in turn notified Jesse A. Marcel, of the 509th Bomb Group intelligence office." Haught's statement caused an immediate media sensation, and later that day a bold headline in the Sacramento Bee proclaimed, "Army Reveals It Has Flying Disc Found on Ranch in New Mexico." A subsequent press conference was called, during which the military claimed that the crashed "flying disc" was actually a weather balloon. To back up the claim, officials produced debris from the balloon, which seemed to strengthen their story. The military explanation did not sit well with many people, including nuclear physicist Stanton Friedman. In 1978, Friedman interviewed Maj. Jesse Marcel, a soldier who had been involved in the recovery of the "balloon." During the interview, Marcel said that the recovered debris he saw was "not of this world." Eleven years later, the claims gained even more steam when former mortician Glenn Dennis came forward and announced that alien autopsies had been conducted at the Roswell base. Unable to ignore the media hype, the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force launched an internal investigation into the Roswell incident. In a 1995 report, the agency announced that the "weather balloon" they had recovered was actually a high-altitude balloon that was intended to detect bomb waves from atomic bomb and ballistic missile tests. In regard to alien autopsies, a second report was later released, in which officials stated that the alien bodies were actually those of dead soldiers and test dummies. The confusion about the autopsies was blamed on psychological effects. Regardless of the government's attempts to debunk reports of the alien craft and autopsies, many UFO proponents continue to downplay the reports, opting to believe that a cover-up still exists.

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02. Elvis's Death (1977)

When his death was announced in August 1977 at the tender age of 42, not everyone was convinced. Many people believe that Elvis had had enough of the high life and staged his own death to allow him to escape back into obscurity. There are questions over the body weight of Elvis following his death. He reportedly weighed 250lb, and although the coffin weighed some 900lb, the autopsy report recorded Elvis's body weight at 170lb. Elvis had played racket ball the day before his death and during the game had dealt himself a serious blow with the edge of the racket on his left shin. This was known to have caused a bruise. No reference of such a bruise was made in the autopsy report. Elvis's original death certificate disappeared shortly after issue and the current certificate was issued some two months later. Elvis's current resting place is between his father and his grandmother - Elvis had determined long before his own death that it was his wish to be laid to rest next to his beloved mother, Gladys Love Presley. The King Of Rock 'n Roll's out of character activities in the days leading up to his death have also come under suspicion and close scrutiny. Long time friends and employees were fired. He had intimated to a female friend that he had not cancelled an upcoming tour, but had no intention of fulfilling the contract. Presley's recording label, RCA, showed remarkable foresight by stocking up on Elvis memorabilia and recordings - sales went through the roof with the news of his death. Even today, Elvis's music sells very, very well. Elvis was known to use the alias "John Burrows" - a couple of hours after his death was announced, a man with a striking resemblance to Elvis paid cash for a flight to Buenos Aires, using that name. It is believed that Elvis, with his Government connections, was able to slip into a version of the Witness Protection Program. Elvis was thought to have lost some US$ 10 000 000 in a realty deal with the Mafia and was ready to fade from the limelight. He was overweight, his good looks were going and his voice was losing its edge.

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01. The Moon Landing (1969)

According to conspiracy theorists, the moon landing that the world watched unfold live on July 20, 1969, was a hoax orchestrated by NASA and other key organizations. Theorists believe that the surface Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin walked upon was not a celestial body but a man-made sound stage. Proponents of the conspiracy theory insist that the technology of the time was not sufficient enough to pull off such a feat. They claim that environmental obstacles alone – cosmic rays, radiation belts and solar wind – would have made the trip impossible. As evidence of their belief, theorists point to photographs and video that were taken during the mission, which they claim contain several oddities; including inconsistent shadows, identical backgrounds and the lack of any visible stars.

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Well, that is the list, is any of it true? Who knows; and by the time we find out it won't even matter.

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